July 3
In the Nature of Materials

 

 

West Coast Pop
a.k.a. California Funk movement
 
funk = bad smelling

 

 

 

 

 

 

California Funk movement defined by Berkeley University's Art Museum Director, Peter Selz as being "hot rather than cool, committed rather than disengaged, bizarre rather than formal, sensuous and frequently quite ugly."

Gold Marilyn

Andy Warhol. Gold Marilyn Monroe. 1962.

Bruce Conner.  THE CHILD.  1959-60.

 

 

 

 

 

Ed Kienholz
1927 - 1994

 

The Wait

Ed Kienholz. The Wait. 1964 - 5.

 

Installation art = art that uses sculptural materials and other media to modify a particular space. It is not necessarily confined to a gallery or museum space and often incorporates the viewer into the work.

 

 

 

 

 

Ed Kienholz. The Illegal Operation. 1962.
http://noskoff.lib.ru/pina/KIENHOLZ/illegal_operation_1962.jpg

 

 

 

 

 

 

Edward and Nancy Kienholz. The State Hospital (exterior). 1966.
Upshaw, Reagan. "Scavenger's Parade." Art in America. October 1996: 98 -107.

 

 

 

 

 

 

The State Hospital

Edward and Nancy Kienholz. The State Hospital (interior). 1966.
Upshaw, Reagan. "Scavenger's Parade." Art in America. October 1996: 98 -107.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Ed Kienholz. The State Hospital tableau. 1966.
Upshaw, Reagan. "Scavenger's Parade." Art in America. October 1996: 98 -107.

 

 

 

 

 

 

1966 Kienholz given first retrospective at LACMA

 

 

Ed Kienholz. Back Seat Dodge '38. 1964.
http://noskoff.lib.ru/pina/KIENHOLZ/back_seat_dodge_1964.jpg

 

 

 

 

Robert Arneson
1930 - 1992

 

Robert Arneson. John with Art. 1964.

 

 

"I really thought about the ultimate ceramics in western culture, so I made a toilet." - Robert Arneson

 

 

 

 

 

 

Arneson in his studio

Robert Arneson. The artist in his studio. 1978.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Muscone

Robert Arneson. George Muscone. 1981.
Lazzari, Margaret and Dona Schlesier. Exploring Art: A Global, Thematic Approach. Second edition. Australia: Thomson Wadsworth, 2005.

 

 

 

 

Robert Arneson. Jackson Pollock.  1983.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Postmodernism = name for many stylistic reactions to, and developments from, modernism. Postmodern style is often characterized by eclecticism, digression, collage, pastiche, and irony. Postmodern art is seen as a reversal of well-established modernist systems, such as the roles of artist vs. audience, seriousness vs. play, or high culture vs. kitsch.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Frank Stella
1936 -

 

Three Flags

Jasper Johns. Three Flags. 1958.

Lake City

Frank Stella. Lake City. 1962.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Frank Stella.  Die Fahne Hoch.  1959. 309 X 185 cm.
Hopkins,David. After Modern Art 1945 - 2000. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2000.

 

 

The painting is "a flat surface with paint on it- nothing more." - Frank Stella
 
“Frank Stella is not interested in expression or sensitivity.  He is interested in the necessity of painting…Frank Stella’s painting is not symbolic.  His stripes are the paths of brush on canvas.  These paths lead only into painting.” – Carl Andre
 
Die Fahne Hoch = raise the flag high - phrase from Nazi marching song

 

 

 

 

 

 

The Marriage of Reason and Squalor

Frank Stella. The Marriage of Reason and Squalor. 1959.  7' 6 3/4" x 11' 3/4".

 

 

 

 

 

 

New Madrid

Frank Stella. New Madrid. 1961.
Lucie-Smith, Edward. Movements in Art Since 1945. New York: Thames & Hudson, 2001.

 

 

"My painting is based on the fact that only what can be seen there is there.  It really is an object...you can see the whole idea without any confusion...what you see is what you see."  - Stella

 

 

 

 

 

 

Frank Stella.  Hatra I.  1967.

 

 

Hard-edge = style of painting in which paint application is intentionally impersonal and is comprised of particularly sharp delineated areas of color

 

 

 

 

 

 

Minimalism

 

Donald Judd.  Untitled.  1968.
Hopkins,David. After Modern Art 1945 - 2000. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2000.

1965 Barbara Rose essay on ABC Art discussed the recent emergence of "an art whose blank, neutral, mechanical impersonality contrasts so violently with the romantic, biographical abstract expressionist style which preceded it that spectators are chilled by its apparent lack of feeling or content."  "...if Pop Art is the reflection of our environment, perhaps the art I have been describing is its antidote, even if it is a hard one to swallow."

 

 

 

 

 

 

Ad Reinhardt.  Abstract Painting.  1957.
http://www.moma.org/collection/browse_results.php?criteria=O%3AAD%3AE%3A4856&page_number=12&template_id=1&sort_order=1

 
Inspired by Ad Reinhardt's declaration, "12 Rules for a New Academy":
"No texture, no brushwork, no drawing, no forms, no design, no color, no light, no space, no time, no size or scale, no movement and finally no object." - Ad Reinhardt
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Donald Judd. Untitled. 1967.

 
 
 
Characteristics of Minimalist Sculpture:
Serial repetition of geometric forms
Manufactured
Industrial, commercially available materials
Focus on the material rather than metaphor
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Die

Tony Smith. Die. 1962. 6 X 6 X 6 ft.
Marzona, Daniel.  Minimal Art.  Koln:  Taschen, 2004.

 

 

Viewer: "Why didn't you make it larger so that it would loom over the observer?"
Smith: "I was not making a monument."
Viewer "Then why didn't you make it smaller so that the observer could see over the top?"
Smith: "I was not making an object."

 

 

 

 

 

Dan Flavin. Untitled. 1963.

 

 

"The real drama takes place not on the surface of the work, but rather, everywhere around it." - Bunny Smedley

 

 

 

Dan Flavin Retrospective at LACMA

 

 

 

 

 

 

Steel Magnesium Plain

Carl Andre. Steel Magnesium Plain. 1969. 6 X 6 ft.
Marzona, Daniel.  Minimal Art.  Koln:  Taschen, 2004.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Carl Andre installing Steel Magnesium Plain.  1969.
Marzona, Daniel.  Minimal Art.  Koln:  Taschen, 2004.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1967 Greenberg attacked minimal art in the "Recentness of Sculpture"
Felt that minimalist painting followed his rules to literally
Compares the minimalist aesthetic to good design
 
In "Art and Objecthood" Michael Fried admonished the Minimalists for going too far, making objects so literal they directed the viewer to external relationships, which Fried called "theatrical"

 

 

 

 

 

 

Plywood Show

Robert Morris.  Plywood Show.  1964.
Marzona, Daniel.  Minimal Art.  Koln:  Taschen, 2004.

 

 

The work "nearly appears not to be art." - Donald Judd