Fall of Rome
Constantine the Great. Early 4th century AD. Marble, height 8'.
The colossal statue of Constantine
Constantine and the Fall of the Roman Empire
Basilica of Maxentius and Constantine (Basilica Nova). Rome. 306 - 13 CE.
Plan of the Basilica of Constantine
Basilica = (Greek) royal house Essential features of Early Christian Basilica: Long nave flanked by aisles Two-story colonnade Lit by clerestory windows Semicircular apse at either end Wooden roof
Old Saint Peter's Basilica. Rome. c. 320 - 27. Approx. 394' long and 210' wide.
Jacopo Grimaldi. Interior of Old St. Peter's, Rome. 1619. Drawing.
Plan of the Baths of Caracalla
Plan of Santa Costanza
Interior, Santa Costanza, Rome. c. 350 CE.
Early Christian architects achieved grandeur by:
Interior (view toward the apse), San Apollinare,
Ravenna. 553 - 49 CE.
Making the altar the focus Placing the altar in front of the apse Moving entrances to western end Thus; arranging the temple along a single longitudinal axis
Parting of the Lot and Abraham. Mosaic in nave arcade of the Church of Santa Maria Magiore, Rome. 432 - 40. Approx. 4' 11" X 6' 8".
How to decorate these great expanses of blank wall surface? What was needed: Artworks of the highest quality Educational images that were grand Quickly made
The Battle of Issos or Battle of Alexander and the Persians.
Mosaic copy from Pompeii of a Hellenistic painting of c. 315 BCE. 8' 11" X 16' 9 ½".
Good Shepherd. 425 – 50. Mosaic. Mausoleum of Galla Placida, Ravenna.
"One God, one empire, one religion" - Gardner's Art Through the Ages
Justinian as Conquerer. c. 525 – 50 CE. Ivory, 13 ½" X 10 ½".
S. Vitale, Ravenna. 526 - 47 CE.
San Vitale altar
Emperor Justinian and His Attendants. c. 547 CE. Mosaic. S. Vitale.
Empress Theodora and Her Attendants. c. 547 CE. Mosaic. S. Vitale.