July 21
Fall of Rome

 

 

 

Constantine the Great. Early 4th century AD. Marble, height 8'.
http://legacy.earlham.edu/~vanbma/20th%20century/images/surveydaythirteen.htm

 

The colossal statue of Constantine

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Constantine and the Fall of the Roman Empire

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Basilica of Maxentius and Constantine (Basilica Nova). Rome. 306 - 13 CE.
http://legacy.earlham.edu/~vanbma/20th%20century/images/surveydaytwelve.htm

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Plan of the Basilica of Constantine
http://legacy.earlham.edu/~vanbma/20th%20century/images/surveydaytwelve.htm

Basilica = (Greek) royal house
Essential features of Early Christian Basilica:
Long nave flanked by aisles
Two-story colonnade
Lit by clerestory windows
Semicircular apse at either end
Wooden roof

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Old Saint Peter's Basilica. Rome. c. 320 - 27. Approx. 394' long and 210' wide.
http://legacy.earlham.edu/~vanbma/20th%20century/images/surveydaythirteen.htm

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Jacopo Grimaldi. Interior of Old St. Peter's, Rome. 1619. Drawing.
http://legacy.earlham.edu/~vanbma/20th%20century/images/surveydaythirteen.htm

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Plan of the Baths of Caracalla
http://legacy.earlham.edu/~vanbma/20th%20century/images/surveydaytwelve.htm

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Plan of Santa Costanza
http://legacy.earlham.edu/~vanbma/20th%20century/images/surveydaythirteen.htm
Interior, Santa Costanza, Rome. c. 350 CE.
http://legacy.earlham.edu/~vanbma/20th%20century/images/surveydaythirteen.htm

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Early Christian architects achieved grandeur by:

Interior (view toward the apse), San Apollinare,
Ravenna. 553 - 49 CE.

Making the altar the focus
Placing the altar in front of the apse
Moving entrances to western end
Thus; arranging the temple along a single longitudinal axis

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Parting of the Lot and Abraham. Mosaic in nave arcade of the Church of Santa Maria Magiore, Rome. 432 - 40. Approx. 4' 11" X 6' 8".
http://legacy.earlham.edu/~vanbma/20th%20century/images/surveydaythirteen.htm

How to decorate these great expanses of blank wall surface?
What was needed:
Artworks of the highest quality
Educational images that were grand
Quickly made

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The Battle of Issos or Battle of Alexander and the Persians.
Mosaic copy from Pompeii of a Hellenistic painting of c. 315 BCE. 8' 11" X 16' 9 ½".

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Good Shepherd. 425 – 50. Mosaic. Mausoleum of Galla Placida, Ravenna.
http://legacy.earlham.edu/~vanbma/20th%20century/images/surveydaythirteen.htm

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Byzantine Empire

"One God, one empire, one religion" - Gardner's Art Through the Ages

 

Justinian as Conquerer. c. 525 – 50 CE. Ivory, 13 ½" X 10 ½".

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

S. Vitale, Ravenna. 526 - 47 CE.
http://legacy.earlham.edu/~vanbma/20th%20century/images/surveydayfourteen.htm

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

San Vitale altar
http://legacy.earlham.edu/~vanbma/20th%20century/images/surveydayfourteen.htm

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Emperor Justinian and His Attendants. c. 547 CE. Mosaic. S. Vitale.
http://legacy.earlham.edu/~vanbma/20th%20century/images/surveydaythirteen.htm

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Empress Theodora and Her Attendants. c. 547 CE. Mosaic. S. Vitale.
http://legacy.earlham.edu/~vanbma/20th%20century/images/surveydaythirteen.htm