March 8
Mannerism (continued) and the Baroque Era

 

El Greco
(Domenikos Theotokopoulos)
1541 - 1614

 

 

Burial of Count Orgaz

El Greco. Burial of Count Orgaz. 1586. 16' X 11'10".

 

 

 

 

 

 

Santo Tome Chapel

Santo Tome Chapel with The Burial of Count Orgaz, 1586. Toledo, Spain.
Janson, H.W. and Anthony F. Janson. History of Art. Sixth edition. University of North Carolina, Wilmington: Prentice Hall, Inc., 2001.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Masaccio. Trinity with the Virgin, Saint John the Evangelist, and Donors. c. 1425-27/28.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Mannerism in Venice

 

 

Feast in the House of Levi

Veronese. Feast in the House of Levi. 1573. Oil on canvas approx. 18' 6" X 42' 6".

 

 

 

 

 

 

Feast in the House of Levi
Leonardo. The Last Supper. 1495-98.
Veronese. Feast in the House of Levi. 1573. Oil on canvas

 

 

 

 

 

 

The Last Supper

Tintoretto. The Last Supper. 1592-94.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Castagno's Last Supper
Andrea del Castagno. Last Supper. c. 1445-50.
Leonardo's Last Supper
Leonardo. The Last Supper. 1495-98.
Veronese's Feast in the House of Levi
Veronese. Feast in the House of Levi. 1573. Oil on canvas approx. 18' 6" X 42' 6".
Tintoretto's Last Supper
Tintoretto. The Last Supper. 1592-94.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Mannerism in the Netherlands

 

 

Garden of Earthly Delights

Hieronymus Bosch. Garden of Earthly Delights. c. 1505-15.

 

 

 

Details of Hieronymus Bosch's works

 

 

 

 

 

 

Baroque period
1600 - 1750

 

 

Characteristics of the Baroque Style:
Interest in light and space
Rich use of color and dramatic contrasts
Innovative illusionism
More emphasis on emotion than reason
Multi-media extravaganza
 
"The Baroque style favored dramatic and intense subjects, rich textures, and exaggerated lighting. It sought to convince, not through reason, but by illusion, and by overwhelming the senses and emotions."

 

 

 

 

 

 

Gianlorenzo Bernini
1598 - 1680

 

 

David

Gianlorenzo Bernini. David. 1623.

 

 

 

Invisible complement = a compositional element that is implied rather than physically present

 

 

 

 

 

 

David detail

Detail of David

 

 

 

 

 

 

Donatello David
Michelangelo David
Bernini David
Donatello. David. c. 1446-60(?)
Michelangelo. David. 1501-4.
Gianlorenzo Bernini. David. 1623.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Baldacchino

Gianlorenzo Bernini. Baldacchino. 1624-33.

 

 

St. Peter's Baldacchino

 

 

 

 

 

 

Saint Terese of Avila in Ecstasy

Gianlorenzo Bernini. Saint Teresa of Avila in Ecstacy. 1645-52.

 

 

Excerpt from the life of St. Teresa:

...Beside me, on the left hand, appeared an angel in bodily form, such as I am not in the habit of seeing except rarely. In his hands I saw a great golden spear, and at the iron tip there appeared to be a point on fire. This he plunged into my heart several times so that it penetrated to my entrails. When he plunged it out, I felt that he took them with it, and left me utterly consumed by the great love of God. The pain was so severe that it made me utter several moans. The sweetness caused by this intense pain is so extreme that one cannot possibly wish it to cease, or is anyone's soul then content with anything but God. This is not physical, but a spiritual pain, though the body has some share in it- even a considerable share. So gentle is this wooing which takes place between God and the soul that if anyone thinks I am lying, I pray God to grant him some experience of it.

http://employees.oneonta.edu/farberas/arth/ARTH110/arth110_sl13.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

Saint Teresa in Ecstasy

Gianlorenzo Bernini. Saint Teresa of Avila in Ecstacy. 1645-52.
Fred S. Kleiner and Christin J. Mamiya, Gardner's Art Through the Ages. Twelfth ed. Vol. 1. Fort Worth: Harcourt Brace College Publishers, 2005. 2 vols.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cornaro family

Cornaro family
Cole, Bruce. The Informed Eye. Chicago: Ivan R. Dee Publisher, 1999.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cornaro Chapel

Gianlorenzo Bernini. Cornaro Chapel, Church of Santa Maria della Vittoria, Rome. 1642-52.