September 14
The Italian Renaissance

 

 

Christine de Pizan
1364 - 1430

 

 

Christine de Pizan.  Christine with Justice.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Christine de Pizan.  Christine presenting work to Queen Isabeu of Bavaria.  1410 - 1411.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Image:Christine_de_Pisan_and_Queen_Isabeau_detail.jpg

 

 

 

 

 

 

Christine de Pizan.  Opening Page of the City of Ladies.  1405
http://www.bnf.fr/loc/bnf030.jpg

 

 

 

 

 

 

Marcia, Self-Portrait from a Mirror.  From Boccaccio, Concerning Famous Women.  1402.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

feudalism = system of political organization prevalent in Europe from the 9th to 15th centuries having as its basis, the relation of lord to vassal

Limbourg Brothers.  March in Les Très Riches Heures du duc de Berry.  1412 - 16.

 
As the Roman Empire crumbled, emperors granted land to nobles in exchange for their loyalty
peasants could no longer count on the Roman army to protect them, so they turned to the landowners
Many peasants remained free, but most became serfs who were laborers that were bound to the land
Knights were paid by the landowner to protect the manor
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Bourgot

 

 

Probably Jean Le Noir, his daughter Bourgot. Psalter and Hours of Bonne de Luxembourg.  Before 1349.
http://www.metmuseum.org/toah/images/h3/h3_69.86.jpg

 

 

 

 

 

 

Medieval Embroidery

 

 

The Battle of Hastings. Detail of the Bayeux Tapestry. c. 1086.
Janson, H.W. and Anthony F. Janson. History of Art. Sixth edition. University of North Carolina, Wilmington: Prentice Hall, Inc., 2001.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Banquet Scene. Detail of the Bayeux Tapestry. c. 1086.
Girls, Guerrilla. The Guerilla Girls' Bedside Companion to the History of Western Art. New York: Penguin Books, 1998.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Aelfyva and the Cleric. Detail from the Bayeux Tapestry. c. 1086.

 

 

More Bayeux Tapestry

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Opus Anglicanum = embroidered works made in English workshops during the 11th century

 

 

The Syon Cope. c. 1300.

 

 

The Syon Cope. c. 1300

 

Another image of the Syon Cope

 

 

 

 

 

 

Renaissance = 14th century to 17th century
 
Northern Renaissance
art in Netherlands, Germany and Normandy
1400 - 1550
Early Renaissance
Italian art in Tuscany
1400 - 1500
HIgh Renaissance
Italian art in Rome, Florence and Venice
1520 - 1580
Mannerism
art in Florence, Rome, Venice, Spain and France
1520 - 1600

 

 

 

 

 

 

Early Renaissance Map

Map of Europe during the Early Renaissance

 

 

 

 

 

 

Significant changes in the Renaissance world view:
 
People begin to challenge medieval religious zeal
Increased exploration of the world
Medieval feudal structure breaks down
The artist's social standing increases
People consider the Classic world the height of western civilization thus far
 
Renascita = rebirth

 

 

 

 

 

 

Humanism = a cultural and intellectual movement during the Renaissance, following the rediscovery of the art and literature of ancient Greece and Rome. A philosophy or attitude concerned with the interests, achivements and capabilities of human beings rather than with the abstract concepts and problems of theology.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Medieval Pieta
Renaissance Pieta
Roettgen Pieta
Pieta
Roettgen Pieta. Early 14th century.
Janson, H.W. and Anthony F. Janson. History of Art. Sixth edition. University of North Carolina, Wilmington: Prentice Hall, Inc., 2001.
Michelangelo. Pietà. c. 1500.
Richard G. Tansey & Fred S. Kleiner. Gardner's Art Through the Ages. Tenth ed. Fort Worth: Harcourt Brace College Publishers, 1996.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Middle Ages
Renaissance
Ideal life
Monastic escape from society
Full participation in rich and varied experience
Focus of philosophy
The hereafter
The here and now
View of humanity
Man is completely flawed
Man is always in trouble, but he is great
Arts glorified
God
Mankind

 

 

 

 

 

 

Medieval Adam & Eve
Renaissance Adam & Eve
Ghent Adam and Eve
Adam & Eve Reproached by the Lord from the Doors of Bishop Bernward.
Janson, H.W. and Anthony F. Janson. History of Art. Sixth edition. University of North Carolina, Wilmington: Prentice Hall, Inc., 2001.
Jan van Eyck. Adam and Eve details of the Ghent Altarpiece.
Janson, H.W. and Anthony F. Janson. History of Art. Sixth edition. University of North Carolina, Wilmington: Prentice Hall, Inc., 2001.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Most Recognized Renaissance Artists:
 
Leonardo da Vinci
Raphael
Michelangelo

 

 

Madonna of the Meadow
David
Leonardo da Vinci. Mona Lisa. c. 1503 - 1505.
Stokstad, Marilyn. Art History. Revised Second ed. Vol. 2. New York: Prentice Hall Inc., and Harry N. Abrams Inc., 2005.
Raphael. Madonna of the Meadow. 1505.
Duane Preble, Sarah Preble and Patrick Frank, Artforms. (Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall, 2002) 6th ed.
Michelangelo. David. 1501-4
Duane Preble, Sarah Preble and Patrick Frank, Artforms. (Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall, 2002) 7th ed.

 

 

 

 

 

Sofonisba Anguissola
c. 1532 - 1625

 

 

Boy Bitten by a Crayfish

Sofonisba Anguissola. Boy Bitten by a Crayfish. 1559.
Stokstad, Marilyn. Art: A Brief History. Second edition. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey: Prentice Hall, 2004.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Bernardino Campi Painting Sofonisba Anguisola

Sofonisba Anguissola. Bernardino Campi Painting Sofonisba Anguissola. Late 1550s.

 

 

 

 

 

 

virtuosa = a talented, attractive and properly behaved woman. A woman endowed with masculine abilities.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Domenico Ghirlandaio. Giovanna Tornabuoni nee Albizzi. 1488.
Fred S. Kleiner and Christin J. Mamiya, Gardner's Art Through the Ages. Twelfth ed. Vol. 1. Fort Worth: Harcourt Brace College Publishers, 2005. 2 vols.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Renaissance ideal of beauty:
 
Noblewoman
Fair skin
Curly hair
Dark eyes
Perfectly curved brows
Rounded flesh

 

 

inscription on Ghirlandaio's portrait of Giovanna:
"O art, if thou were able to depict the conduct of the soul, no lovelier painting would exist on earth."

 

 

 

 

 

 

Double Portrait of a Lady and Her Daughter

Sofonisba Anguisola. Double Portrait of a Lady and Her Daughter. Date unknown.
Sterling, Susan Fisher. Women Artists: The National Museum of Women in the Arts. New York: Tiny Folios, 1995.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Self-Portrait

Sofonisba Anguissola. Self-Portrait. c. 1552.
Stokstad, Marilyn. Art History. Revised Second ed. Vol. 2. New York: Prentice Hall Inc., and Harry N. Abrams Inc., 2005.

 

 

 

 

 

Self-Portrait

Sofonisba Anguissola. Self-portrait. 1561.
http://academic.evergreen.edu/curricular/italrenaissance/images/italian%20ren04wk8.jpg

 

 

 

 

 

 

The Chess Game

Sofonisba Anguissola. The Chess Game. 1555.
Getlein, Mark. Gilbert's Living With Art. Sixth edition. Boston: McGraw Hill, 2002.

 

 

 

 

 

 

linear perspective = mathematic system for depicting the illusion of depth on a two-dimensional surface invented in the Renaissance

 

 

 

 

 

 

School of Athens

Raphael. School of Athens. c. 1510-11.
Stokstad, Marilyn. Art History. Revised Second ed. Vol. 2. New York: Prentice Hall Inc., and Harry N. Abrams Inc., 2005.