July 9
Social Documentary

 

 

Imogen Cunningham
1883 -1976

 

Calla

Imogen Cunningham. Calla. c. 1925.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Triangles

Imogen Cunningham. Triangles. 1928.
Rosenblum, Naomi. A World History of Photography. Abbeville Press, New York. 1989.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Irene Libarry

Imogen Cunningham.  Irene "Bobby" Libarry.  1976.
Marien, Mary Warner.  Photography: A Cultural History.  Second edition.  Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall, 2006.

 

 

More Imogen

 

 

 

 

 

 

Art & Documentary

 

Prior to the 1930s, documentary photographers gave little consideratin to form
In the 30s, many photographers highly influenced by New Vision and Group f/64 approaches
Photographers began seeking an even mixture of art and objectivity
Term "documentary" came into wide use during 1930s
 
 

Italian Ragpicker

Jacob Riis. Home of an Italian Ragpicker, New York. 1888.
Newhall, Beaumont. The History of Photography. The Museum of Modern Art, New York. 1982.

Migrant Mother

Dorothea Lange. Migrant Mother, Nipomo, California. 1936.

 

 

 

 

 

 

James Vanderzee
1886 - 1983

 

Couple Wearing Racoon Coats

James Vanderzee. Couple Wearing Raccoon Coats with Cadillac, Taken on West 127th Street, Harlem, New York. 1932.
Stokstad, Marilyn. Art History. Revised Second ed. Vol. 2. New York: Prentice Hall Inc., and Harry N. Abrams Inc., 2005.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Future Expectations

James Vanderzee. Future Expectations. 1925.

 

 

 

 

 

 

James Vanderzee. c. 1920s.
https://www.valentinenewyork.com/images1/Feature-Articles/jamesv2.jpg

 

 

 

 

 

 

James Vanderzee.  Jean-Michel Basquiat.  1982.
http://eaoc.blogspot.com/2008/02/black-history-month-salute-james-van.htm

 

 

 

 

 

 

Dorothea Lange. Tractored Out, Childress County, Texas. 1939.
Cole, Bruce. The Informed Eye. Chicago: Ivan R. Dee, 1999.

 
The Great Depression
1929 -1941
 
Global economic crisis
Numerous bank failures and factory closures sparked by the 1929 NY Stock Market crash
1 out of 4 workers unemployed at a time when most families survived on one income
Dramatic drop in industrial production
1931 drought, wind storms and over farming turned the Great Plains into the Dust Bowl
 
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The New Deal
1933 - 1937

FSA. 1935.

 
Direct relief, economic recovery and financial reform
New Deal programs oversaw loans, flood control, migrant camps, agricultural education, work relief and the creation of the social security system

 

 

 

 

 

Resettlement Administration (later known as the Farm Security Administration) intended to move distressed farmers into more economically viable service and industrial jobs
Roy E. Stryker appointed chief of the historical section
Historical section's aim was to gather visual evidence in support of the RA's good works and to distribute these images, free of charge, to the nation's news agencies

 

 

 

 

 

 

FSA.  Man in a Dust Storm.  c. 1935.
http://history1900s.about.com/library/photos/blygd20.htm

 

 

 

 

 

 

FSA.  Families on the road with their possessions.  c. 1935.
http://history1900s.about.com/library/photos/blygd42.htm

 

 

 

 

 

 

FSA. "Okies" driving to California on Route 66.  c. 1935.
http://history1900s.about.com/library/photos/blygd14.htm

 

 

 

 

 

 

Dorothea Lange
1895 -1965

 

Dorothea Lange
http://www.dorothealangephotos.com/images/070316201143_dorothea_lange_on_top_of_a_car_LG.jpg

 

 

 

 

 

 

White Angel Breadline

Dorothea Lange. White Angel Bread Line. 1933.
20th Century Photography Museum Ludwig Cologne. Taschen, Koln, 2005.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Dorothea Lange.  Men Walking Towards Los Angeles.  c. 1935.
http://www.dorothealangephotos.com/

 

 

 

 

 

 

Dorothea Lange.  African American Sharecropper.  c. 1935.
http://www.dorothealangephotos.com/

 

 

 

 

 

 

Dorothea Lange.  Girl sitting on a bench.  c. 1935.
http://www.dorothealangephotos.com/

 

 

 

 

 

 

Migrant Mother

Dorothea Lange. Migrant Mother, Nipomo, California. 1936.

 

 

 

 

 

 

"I saw and approached the hungry and desperate mother, as if drawn by a magnet. I do not remember how I explained my presence or my camera to her, but I do remember she asked me no questions.

 

 

 

 

 

 

I made five exposures, working closer and closer from the same direction. I did not ask her name or her history. She told me her age, that she was thirty-two.

 

 

 

 

 

 

She said that they had been living on frozen vegetables from the surrounding fields, and birds that the children killed. She had just sold the tires from her car to buy food.

 

 

 

 

 

 

There she sat in that lean-to tent with her children huddled around her, and seemed to know that my pictures might help her, and so she helped me. There was a sort of equality about it." - Dorothea Lange

 

 

 

 

 

 

"Hands off!  I do not molest what I photograph, I do not meddle and I do not arrange." - Dorothea Lange

 

Migrant Mother

 
http://livinginstereo.com/wp-content/uploads/2006/05/MIgrant%20Mother%20by%20Dorothea%20Lange.jpg

 

 

 

 

 

 

Midweed Pictorial spread using Migrant Mother image.  October 17, 1936.
Marien, Mary Warner.  Photography: A Cultural History.  Second edition.  Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall, 2006.

 

 

 

 

 

Bill Ganzel.  Florence Owens Thompson and her daughters Norma, Katherine and Ruby .  1979.
http://www.ganzelgroup.com/media/ggMigrant.jpg

 

 

More Dorothea Lange

 

 

 

 

 

 

Walker Evans
1903 -1975

 

Walker Evans wrote that his goal as a photographer was to make pictures that are "literate, authoratative and transcendent."

 

 

Walker Evans.  Untitled from Land of the Free by Archibald MacLeish.  1937.
Marien, Mary Warner.  Photography: A Cultural History.  Second edition.  Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall, 2006.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Walker Evans.  Shoeshine Stand.  1936.
http://lcweb2.loc.gov/cgi-bin/query/h?pp/PPALL:@field(NUMBER+@band(fsa+8c52458))

 

 

 

 

 

 

Louisiana

Walker Evans. Louisiana. 1936.
20th Century Photography Museum Ludwig Cologne. Taschen, Koln, 2005.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Floyd Burroughs

Walker Evans. Floyd Burroughs, a cotton sharecropper Hale County, AL. 1936.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Walker Evans.  Allie Mae Burroughs.  1936.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Walker Evans.  Kitchen Corner in Floyd Burroughs's Home.  1936.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Let Us Now Praise Famous Men

 

 

1938 Walker Evans's work exhibited at the Museum of Modern Art's first show devoted to a photographer